🇮🇳 Today is Lala Lajpat Rai's 157th Birth Anniversary: Facts about the revolutionary Freedom fighter How many of us know he was born into an Agarwal #Jain family? His ideology of nationalism & zealous patriotism earned him the title 'Punjab Kesari' & 'Lion of Punjab'. #Thread
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He was famous as the 'Lal Bal Pal' trio - Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal who advocated the #Swadeshi movement by boycotting all imported items & promoting the use of Indian made goods in 1907. The legacy of this movement continues till today.
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He was born on 28 January 1865 in an Agarwal #Jain family to Munshi Radha Krishna Agarwal & Gulab Devi at Dhudike, Ludhiana dt, #Punjab Province. His house in Jagraon still stands tall & houses a library & museum. He also built the 1st educational institute R.K.High school here.
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In 1880 he joined Govt College at #Lahore to study law, where he met patriots & future freedom fighters like Lala Hans Raj, Pandit Guru Dutt. He started his legal practice in Hissar, Haryana.He helped establish Dayanand Anglo-Vedic School & became a follower of Dayanand Saraswati
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In 1888 & 1889 he was a delegate to the annual sessions of INC. In 1892 he moved to Lahore to practice at the High Court. In 1895 he helped found the Punjab National Bank. In 1897 he founded Hindu Orphan Relief Movement to keep Christian missions from securing their custody.
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He joined the Arya Samaj in #Lahore & was the founder editor of Lahore-based Arya Gazette. He was also the founder of organisations like Hisar Arya Samaj, Hisar Bar Council, National DAV managing Committee etc.He was a regular contributor to many newspapers including the Tribune
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In 1914, he quit law practice to dedicate himself to the Indian independence movement. He travelled to Britain & the US in 1917. In 1917, he founded the Indian Home Rule League of America in New York & stayed in the US till 1920.
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Besides, a great freedom fighter & leader, Lala was also a noted writer. His works - The Story of My Deportation (1908), Arya Samaj (1915), The United States of America: A Hindu's Impression (1916), Young India (1916), Unhappy India (1928), England's Debt to India (1917)
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He believed the #Hindu society needed to fight its own battle with caste system, status of women & untouchability. #Vedas were an essential part of Hindu religion & believed that everyone including the lower caste should be allowed to read & learn from the Vedas & recite Mantras

11:41 AM · Jan 28, 2022

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He openly expressed - “I do honestly and sincerely believe in the necessity or desirability of Hindu-Muslim unity. I am also fully prepared to trust #Muslim leaders. But what about the injunctions of the Koran and Hadis? The leaders cannot override them."
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In 1928, the UK set up the Simon Commision led by Sir John Simon to report on the political situation in India. It was boycotted by Indian political parties & met with country-wide protests because it did not include any members from our country.
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When the Commission visited Lahore, Rai led a non-violent protest against it and raised a slogan "Simon Go back". It is noteworthy that since childhood, Lala Lajpat Rai had a desire to serve his country and therefore had taken a pledge to free it from foreign rule.
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Lahore SP James Scott, ordered the police to lathi charge protesters & personally assaulted Rai. Despite being critically injured, Rai subsequently addressed the crowd, "I declare that the blows struck at me today will be the last nails in the coffin of the British rule in India"
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Rai did not fully recover from his injuries and passed away on November 17, 1928. Doctors thought that James Scott's blows was the main reason for his death. However, when the matter was raised in the British Parliament, their government refused any role in Rai's death.
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Bhagat Singh, the witness to the incident, swore to avenge the freedom fighter's death. He joined other revolutionaries like Shivaram Rajguru, Sukhdev Thapar & Chandra Shekhar Azad in a plot to kill Scott, to send a message to the #British government.
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Lajpat Rai was a heavyweight veteran leader who inspired young men of his generation & kindled latent patriotism in their hearts with journalistic writings & lead-by-example Activism.His contribution in overthrowing the #British Empire from #India is simply unforgetable! 🇮🇳
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